Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health and socioeconomic problem globally that is associated with a high level of mortality. Early and accurate diagnosis and prognosis of TBI is important in patient management and preventing any secondary injuries. Computer tomography (CT) imaging assists physicians in diagnosing injury and guiding treatment. One of the clinical parameters extracted from CT images is midline shift, a measure of linear displacement in brain structure, which is correlated with TBI patient outcomes. However, only a tiny fraction of the overall tissue displacement is quantified through this parameter. In this paper, a novel measurement of overall mid-surface shift is proposed that quantifies the total volume of brain tissue shifted across the midline. When compared to traditional midline shift, mid-surface shift has a stronger correlation with TBI patient outcomes.

Graphical Abstract